William Shakespeare Biography Facts about His Life

William Shakespeare Facts

Do you want to learn fun interesting facts about William Shakespeare? This website was built to help parents, students, teachers and kids learn more facts about Shakespeare and his life. Well, we will begin by defining him as one of the greatest writers ever.

When and where was William Shakespeare born?

Shakespeare was born on April 23rd, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.

Despite the fact that William Shakespeare was born in the 16th century, he still has two long narrative poems, thirty eight plays, and 154 sonnets that are still around today and are a staple of the English literature courses studied in high schools and colleges around the world.

William Shakespeare Childhood Facts

Beginning with William Shakespeare's childhood, the date of his birth is unclear, but he was baptised on April 26, 1564. He was raised in an area of England called Stratford-upon-Avon.

Facts about Shakespeare's Parents

William Shakespeare's parents were John Shakespeare and Mary Arden.

At the age of eighteen, he married a pregnant twenty-six year old, Anne Hathaway. They had three children together: twins named Judith and Hamnet and another daughter named Susanna. Unfortunately, his son died in childhood at the age of eleven of unknown causes and his two daughters had no children survive to have their own children, so his direct blood line ended. When Shakespeare died in 1616, he passed most of his estate to his daughter, Susanna. In his will she was instructed to pass it down to her first biological son. That was not to be.

The majority of Shakespeare's most studied work was created by him between the years of 1589 and 1613. At the beginning, he wrote mainly comedies and histories. Then he wrote mostly tragedies, which he is the most well known for. Some of his tragedies included King Lear, Hamlet, and Macbeth. These tragedies are still studied today which attests to his amazing talent as a writer. During Shakespeare's later years, he wrote many tragicomedies, which are known today as romances. He additionally worked with other playwrights. Even though Shakespeare is a household name today, he really did not gain his notoriety until the 1800s.

The poems that William Shakespeare wrote were of erotic themes. They were called The Rape of Lucrece and Venus and Adonis. These poems had been dedicated to a certain earl, named Henry Wrothesley. In The Rape of Lucrece, there is a wife who is very virtuous, and her name is Lucrece. She is raped by a lustful man named Tarquin. The poem, Venus and Adonis, has Venus making sexual advances at a very innocent Adonis, who rejects the advances.

William Shakespeare also wrote sonnets. They were published in 1609, and this was the last published work of William Shakespeare that was non-dramatic. We are currently unsure of when all of the sonnets were composed, and there were 154 of them. There are some sonnets that seemed to be based on a lust for a married woman, the "dark lady" as well as lust for a young man referred to as "fair youth" in the sonnets. We do not to this day if these sonnets are based on real people or if they were just fictional characters, but the sonnets have brought Shakespeare's sexuality up as a topic of interest.

William Shakespeare is perhaps best known for his plays. Some of Shakespeare's most famous plays include Richard II, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, The Comedy of Errors, The Taming of the Shrew, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Merchant of Venice, As You Like It, Much Ado About Nothing, Twelfth Night, Henry IV, Henry V, Romeo and Juliet, Troilus and Cressida, All's Well That Ends Well, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Antony and Cleopatra, Coriolanus, The Winter's Tale, The Tempest, Pericles, Prince of Tyre, Cymbeline, Henry VIII, and The Two Noble Kinsmen. As stated before, many of his plays, particularly his tragedies, are still being studied today.

List of William Shakespeare's Plays

Here's a timeline list of Shakespeare's plays in order by date:

For more William Shakespeare facts for kids and adults, check out NoSweatShakespeare's top 50 shakespeare facts